Contemporary Nursing Theories Essay
NUR513/Theoretical Foundation of Practice
June 4, 2012
Contemporary Nursing Theories
Introduction Nursing is a profession that employs the use of the combination of physical science, social science, nursing theory, and technology in the provision of care to others (Sigma Theta Tau International). Nursing theories serve as the groundwork for the practice of the profession. It guides every nurse on how to do things effectively and competently. This paper endeavors to give emphasis on contemporary nursing theories specifically focusing on a variety of aspects, such as definitions, concept statements, metaparadigms, philosophies, and conceptual models. Moreover, this paper also aims to …show more content…
Adaptation Theory As previously mentioned this paper will focus specifically on Sister Callista Roy's adaptation theory. Sister Callista Roy’s adaption theory suggests that nursing purpose is to help patients’ adjust mentally and emotionally from a holistic perspective.
The adaptation theory highlighted that humans are biopsychosocial beings and an alteration in one aspect results in adaptive modifications in the other aspects (Timby, 2009).
Concept Statement and Definition The theory of Sister Callista Roy known as the adaptation theory revolves around two concepts applied to nursing practice namely, systems and adaptation (Sitzman & Eichelberger, 2011). In her work, the word ‘system’ illustrates a grouping of units that are related and connected, hence, when combined will result to a unified whole; it may either be an individual, family, group, community, or society (Sitzman & Eichelberger, 2011). On the other hand, the other concept given high regard by Sister Callista Roy in her theory is the term